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Harder

Valore:This is a surname of Anglo-Saxon 8th century origins. Recorded in several forms including Hard, Harde, Hardes, Harder, Harding, Hardeman or Hardiman, the surname derives from the Old German word 'heard' or the later Norman 'hard' and basically means what it says. It describes either a 'hard man', probably a successful warrior, or the son of a hard man, or it was occupational for a person who worked as a 'hardener', a process used by medieval bakers to obtain a fine crust on dough or pastry. The same word was used by Chaucer in late medieval times to describe a process within iron making, so there may have been two meanings from which the modern surname developed. It has been suggested that for a few nameholders the origination may be locational name from a place called Hardres, near Canterbury in Kent. This village name derives from the Old English pre 7th Century 'harath', meaning a wood. Early examples of the surname recordings include John Harder in the Curia Regis rolls of Dorset for the year 1220, Roger Hard in the Hundred Rolls of Lincolnshire in 1275, Walter Hardiman in the 1327 Subsidy Rolls of Sussex. Early church register recordings include John Hardyman, the prebend of Chester, in 1563, and John Hardes who was christened in 1652, at St. Olaves church, Silver Street, London, and Mary, daughter of Michael and Marget Hards, was christened on March 18th 1705, at St. Olave's, Southwark. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Gilbert del Hard, which was dated 1232, in the Calendar of the Patent Rolls, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as 'The Frenchman', 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to 'develop' often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.


 
- Genealogical tree of family - Trungu gjenealogjik i një familjeje të familjes - شجرة النسب العائلية - Родословно дърво на семейството - Családfa családi - Genealogical cây của gia đình - Árbore Xenealoxía da familia - Stamboom van de familie - Γενεαλογικό δέντρο της οικογένειας - Genealogical træ i familien - אילן יוחסין של המשפחה - Pohon silsilah keluarga - Árbol genealógico de la familia - L'albero genealogico della famiglia - Arbre genealògic de la família - 族譜樹的家庭 - 가족의 가계도 - Ģenealoģiskie koku ģimenes - Genealoginiai medį šeimos - Ġenealoġiċi siġra tal-familja - Stammbaum der Familie - Genealogiske treet av familien - Drzewo genealogiczne rodziny - Árvore genealógica da família - Arbore genealogic al familiei - Генеалогическое древо семьи - Генеалошко стабло породице - Genealogické strom rodiny - Genealoško drevo družine - Puno ng angkan ng pamilya - เกี่ยวกับวงศ์วานต้นไม้ของครอบครัว - Aile soyağacı - Генеалогічне древо семьи - Genealogical puu perhe - Arbre généalogique de la famille - परिवार की वंशावली - Genealoško stablo obitelji - Genealogický strom rodiny - Genealogical träd i familjen - Genealogical tree pere - 家族の家系ツリー -
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