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Oliphard

ValeurThis famous and intriguing name has been the subject of much controversy regarding its origins; however, the accepted explanation is that the name is of Old French origin, introduced into England, and later, Scotland, after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The early forms of the name, Olifard and Oliphard, clearly suggest a derivation from the Old French 'olif', olive-branch, with the intensive suffix '-ard', used as a nickname or byname for a peace-loving, gentle person. The development of the surname in England and Scotland, from Olifard (1107), Oliphard 91148) and Olyfat (1296) to Olifaunt (1317) and Oliphand, Olyfant (1326), shows the gradual change to the Middle English vocabulary word 'olifa(u)nt', elephant. This change was probably due to the influence of folk etymology, and the popularity of the word as the name of the animal described by homecoming Crusaders as 'a huge earth-shaking beast'. The name was established early in Scotland, by a family of Norman origin who settled first in Northamptonshire and Hampshire, David Olifard, godson of David 1 of Scotland, being the first recorded namebearer; he was granted lands in Roxburghshire. A Coat of Arms granted to the family depicts on a red shield a cinquefoil slipped between three silver crescents, the Crest being an elephant's trunk proper. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Roger Olifard, which was dated circa 1107, a charter witness in Northamptonshire, during the reign of King Henry 1, known as 'The Lion of Justice', 1100 - 1135. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to 'develop' often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.


 
- Genealogical tree of family - Trungu gjenealogjik i një familjeje të familjes - شجرة النسب العائلية - Родословно дърво на семейството - Családfa családi - Genealogical cây của gia đình - Árbore Xenealoxía da familia - Stamboom van de familie - Γενεαλογικό δέντρο της οικογένειας - Genealogical træ i familien - אילן יוחסין של המשפחה - Pohon silsilah keluarga - Árbol genealógico de la familia - L'albero genealogico della famiglia - Arbre genealògic de la família - 族譜樹的家庭 - 가족의 가계도 - Ģenealoģiskie koku ģimenes - Genealoginiai medį šeimos - Ġenealoġiċi siġra tal-familja - Stammbaum der Familie - Genealogiske treet av familien - Drzewo genealogiczne rodziny - Árvore genealógica da família - Arbore genealogic al familiei - Генеалогическое древо семьи - Генеалошко стабло породице - Genealogické strom rodiny - Genealoško drevo družine - Puno ng angkan ng pamilya - เกี่ยวกับวงศ์วานต้นไม้ของครอบครัว - Aile soyağacı - Генеалогічне древо семьи - Genealogical puu perhe - Arbre généalogique de la famille - परिवार की वंशावली - Genealoško stablo obitelji - Genealogický strom rodiny - Genealogical träd i familjen - Genealogical tree pere - 家族の家系ツリー -
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