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Offen

ValeurRecorded as Offen, Offin and Offing, this is a medieval surname and one with both English and Germanic origins. It is occupational and originally described a man who managed an iron smelting works (the oven). In the later Middle Ages the name came to describe both a smelting oven and the more common baking oven, one large enough for the whole village to bake their bread in. In both cases the early spelling was 'ofen', and whilst the surname form which developed was generally in the spelling of Oven if English, and Offen if German, both spellings appear in both countries. In Germany the name can also be a nickname for an honest person. This may also be associated with the bread making, as the 'Offen' was empowered to extract payment for the use of the communal oven. Examples of the name recordings include: Brose Offen, who married Anna Langen at Konigsberg in Neumark, Wuertt, Germany, on September 22nd 1583, whilst in England, William Offen was christened at St. Botolph's without Aldgate, London, on September 1st 1633, and Mary Offin, who married John Oxley at St Botolphs Bishopgate, on April 18th 1652. The coat of arms granted in Lippe, Germany, has the blazon of a gold field charged with a blue fesse and there on two gold baulks. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Attenovene. This was dated 1276, in the Assize Court rolls of Somerset, during the reign of King Edward 1st, known as 'The Hammer of the Scots', 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as the Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to 'develop' often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.


 
- Genealogical tree of family - Trungu gjenealogjik i një familjeje të familjes - شجرة النسب العائلية - Родословно дърво на семейството - Családfa családi - Genealogical cây của gia đình - Árbore Xenealoxía da familia - Stamboom van de familie - Γενεαλογικό δέντρο της οικογένειας - Genealogical træ i familien - אילן יוחסין של המשפחה - Pohon silsilah keluarga - Árbol genealógico de la familia - L'albero genealogico della famiglia - Arbre genealògic de la família - 族譜樹的家庭 - 가족의 가계도 - Ģenealoģiskie koku ģimenes - Genealoginiai medį šeimos - Ġenealoġiċi siġra tal-familja - Stammbaum der Familie - Genealogiske treet av familien - Drzewo genealogiczne rodziny - Árvore genealógica da família - Arbore genealogic al familiei - Генеалогическое древо семьи - Генеалошко стабло породице - Genealogické strom rodiny - Genealoško drevo družine - Puno ng angkan ng pamilya - เกี่ยวกับวงศ์วานต้นไม้ของครอบครัว - Aile soyağacı - Генеалогічне древо семьи - Genealogical puu perhe - Arbre généalogique de la famille - परिवार की वंशावली - Genealoško stablo obitelji - Genealogický strom rodiny - Genealogical träd i familjen - Genealogical tree pere - 家族の家系ツリー -
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