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Cruickshank

ValeurThis interesting surname, of medieval Scottish origin, though apparently a nickname for a bow-legged person, from the older Scots 'cruik', hook or bend, plus 'shank', leg-bone, is, in fact, of locational origin from residence by the river Crui(c)k in the former county of Kincardine (now part of the Grampian region). The river Crui(c)k, which rises in the parish of Fearn and joins the North Esk near the Kirk of Stracathro, is so called from the element, 'cruik' (as above), probably with reference to the winding course taken by the river. The latter element 'shank' is used here in the transferred topographical sense of a 'projecting point of a hill joining it to the plain'. One, Christin Crukschank was mentioned in a foundation charter of the chapel of Urchany in 1334, and Cristinus Cru(k)sank was admitted burgess of Aberdeen in 1408. In the modern idiom, the surname is also spelt Cruickshanks, Cruikshank, and Crookshanks. On September 27th 1750 Alexander Cruickshank and Margaret Kemlo were married in Glenbervie, Kincardine. A Coat of Arms granted to the Cruickshank family of Tillymorgan, Aberdeenshire, is gold, three black boar's heads couped. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Crokeshanks, burgess of Haddington, which was dated 1296 - 'Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland', during the reign of King John Balliol, King of Scotland, 1292-1296. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to 'develop' often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.


 
- Genealogical tree of family - Trungu gjenealogjik i një familjeje të familjes - شجرة النسب العائلية - Родословно дърво на семейството - Családfa családi - Genealogical cây của gia đình - Árbore Xenealoxía da familia - Stamboom van de familie - Γενεαλογικό δέντρο της οικογένειας - Genealogical træ i familien - אילן יוחסין של המשפחה - Pohon silsilah keluarga - Árbol genealógico de la familia - L'albero genealogico della famiglia - Arbre genealògic de la família - 族譜樹的家庭 - 가족의 가계도 - Ģenealoģiskie koku ģimenes - Genealoginiai medį šeimos - Ġenealoġiċi siġra tal-familja - Stammbaum der Familie - Genealogiske treet av familien - Drzewo genealogiczne rodziny - Árvore genealógica da família - Arbore genealogic al familiei - Генеалогическое древо семьи - Генеалошко стабло породице - Genealogické strom rodiny - Genealoško drevo družine - Puno ng angkan ng pamilya - เกี่ยวกับวงศ์วานต้นไม้ของครอบครัว - Aile soyağacı - Генеалогічне древо семьи - Genealogical puu perhe - Arbre généalogique de la famille - परिवार की वंशावली - Genealoško stablo obitelji - Genealogický strom rodiny - Genealogical träd i familjen - Genealogical tree pere - 家族の家系ツリー -
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